Temporal_haus [ECC Venice Biennale 2021]
Hosted by the European Cultural Centre for the Venice Architecture Biennale May-November, 2021
The resilient structure of T_haus
can last centuries, but conversely, its intended use is refreshed continuously for a diverse group of climate immigrants.
Temporal Haus 3828 Wilshire Blvd. , Los Angeles, California
Project material partners
Ecococon (Certified Passive House Wall Component)
Advantage Architectural Woodwork (Certified Passive House Window Component)
Jablotron Futura (Certified Passive House Energy Recovery Ventilation Component)
Time is perhaps the most subtle of the dimensions to design for. Historically, for instance, urban buildings in the last centuries were often designed as a shophouse for a family to reside and enjoy a livelihood in a single building. A storefront stiched the neighborhood together with economic amenities, and the upper floors hosted multiple generations of occupants on the many ladders of society. This was particularly true for immigrants looking to carve out a new life in their adopted nation.
Utilizing a programmatically elastic support structure the project is a home for resettled families and individuals from Central America as climate change will force the largest human migration in history. This, in turn, will drastically increase pressure on urbanized housing infrastructure and the cultural and social texture of entire cities.
In the US, as the car began to dominate our cities, access to stores inevitably subsided to the strip mall. Dense urban living was shunned for a suburban single family experience, adding a new and arguably isolating layer of building typologies normalized for multiple generations.
Los Angeles provides an extraordinary contemporary social infrastructure to resolve these tensions it has helped incubate. Our proposal T_haus stitches the social and economic opportunity of micro businesses with a resettled community in a low carbon and resilient timber and straw panel hybrid Passive House Plus. To foster a place for the complex transition- internally with shared social and work environments and externally by hosting a pedestrian oriented mobile food venue.
This reintroducing the shop and apartment style program is inspired by our mobile espresso bar Sol Coffee and the emerging mobile business sector by hosting a mobile food park. The project serves the neighborhood with a dynamic new integration of hosting a vibrant mobile food/retail industry with the emerging sidewalk culture of Wilshire Boulevard, which ironically is the birthplace of the modern strip mall.
FLOOR ONE RETAIL ENTRANCE COMMISSARY KITCHENFLOOR TWO OPEN PROGRAM FLOOR THREE MICRO APARTMENTS
FLOOR FOUR SINGLE APARTMENTS
FLOOR FIVE SINGLE APARTMENTS
FLOOR SIX LOWER FAMILY APARTMENTS
FLOOR SEVEN UPPER FAMILY APARTMENTS
ROOFTOP OPEN SCHOOL
With the advent of climate refugees our cities are the catalyst for absorbing immigrants. With climate change as a fundamental issue a carbon responsive design is both low in embodied and operational energy. The building is optimized using Passive House energy modeling which protects the occupants from inclement weather, even without power, while reducing the need for energy services by up to 80% from current building regulations. With modest solar energy and battery back up the building is nearly carbon free in real time energy usage using the Passive House Institute’s Primary Energy Renewable (PER) methodology.
T_haus employs a mass timber post and beam podium and Dowel Laminated Timber slab. The upper stories are built with Ecococon Straw Panels, a passive house certified component. Its design process is a template for long term development of very low impact, urban design in Southern California.
DESIGNED FOR TRANSITION
Food has always been the catalyst to urban cultural and economic prosperity, especially for transitioning communities. The other economic reality is that brick-and-mortar is no longer a viable solution for many small food businesses which have chosen to mobilize their efforts. The softscape and esthetically uncluttered building frontage is inspired by the contemporary multi story housing of Kyoto. Its is layered to transition at a human scale from Wilshire Blvd to a protected refuge hosting an everchanging collection of independent food trucks. The street level program hosts a green eating space, protected place to queue, public bathrooms, and complimented with a bar. A full sized commercial kitchen serves as a commissary for food trucks as well as the building’s residents who can develop their own food based enterprise or support the rotating trucks.
This diverse program acts as a catalyst for new immigrants to work where they live and also engage directly with the neighborhood. Apartments will host couples and individual refugees on the lower floors. The upper floors are reserved for families with a community and workspace and offices with childcare in the core of the building. A rooftop open school provides structured and unstructured time.